James Boswell died in 1795 believing he had touched and kissed a cache of Shakespeare's original letters and papers discovered by a Mr. Ireland. His friend, Edmond Malone, publicly exposed the lot as a forgery just a year later.
James MacphersonBorn Oct 27, 1736
Died Feb 17, 1796
Poet and translator. Studied at Edinburgh University. Gained initial fame when he published Fragments of Ancient Poetry Collected in the Highlands of Scotland and Translated from the Gallic or Erse Language in 1760. This publication enabled him to travel around Scotland in search of ancient literature. The result was published as Fingal (1762) and Temora (1763). Although warmly received in some literary circles (by the rev. Hugh Blair and others), figures such as David Hume and Samuel Johnson remained sceptical about the authenticity of the poems. After Macpherson's death in 1796, a committee concluded that he had treated the Gaelic poems in a free and selective fashion, adding much verse of his own invention.
From 1763 to 1766, James Macpherson was employed as a secretary to the Governor of Florida. He late returned to London, where he worked as a historian, lobbyist and political pamphleteer for the remainder of his life. He died in 1796 and is buried in Westminster Abbey.
Life with Boswell:
Boswell lunched with Macpherson on December 11, 1762, and described him as a genius and as an honest Scottish highlander. On May 1, 1763, following Macpherson's arrival back in London from a journey to Holland and France with Lord Elibank, Boswell and Macpherson breakfasted together. On this occasion Macpherson said, "that to retain our high ideas of anything, we should not see it" . They met occasionally in the following years. On May 20, 1763, they walked together in Hyde Park, and Macpherson apparently was "railing against the human species, and in vast discontent".
Ossian and Fingal are widely available in numerous editions. The best biography about MacPherson which also deals extensively with his poems, is Fiona Stafford's (1988) The Sublime Savage: A Study of James Macpherson and the Poems of Ossian.