William Eden - 1st Baron Auckland

William Eden

Born Apr 03, 1745
Died May 14, 1814


1st Baron Auckland


Son of Sir Robert Eden, 3rd Bart of Windlene Hall, and Mary Davison. Married (1778) to Eleanor Eliot (b. 1758). Studied law at Christ Church, Oxford. Appointed under secretary of state (1772). Commissioner on the board of Trade and Plantations (1776). Chief Secretary for Ireland (1780). Member of the Irish House of Commons (1781) for Dungannon. In 1789 he became the 1st Baron Auckland, and the Auckland Islands are named after him.1 A close associate of William Pitt the Younger.

Eden published a few writings, among them the influential Principles of Penal Law (1771) and Four Letters to the Earl of Carlisle (1779).

Life with Boswell: 

Boswell met William Eden in the company of James Macdonald and others during his short stay in Oxford, April 23-26, 1763.


Some of his writings can be found today on online used books search engines, including Some Remarks on the Apparent Circumstances of War (1795), Four Letters to the Earl of Carlisle by William Eden (1779) and his Principles of Penal Law (1771).