James Boswell died in 1795 believing he had touched and kissed a cache of Shakespeare's original letters and papers discovered by a Mr. Ireland. His friend, Edmond Malone, publicly exposed the lot as a forgery just a year later.
Penelope CarwardineBorn 1729 in Withington, Herefordshire
Daughter of John Carwardine (b. 1703) and Anne Bullock (1700-1765). Married (1763 or 1772) to James Butler (b. ca. 1727), organist at Ranelagh, St. Margaret's & St. Anne's. She was a painter of miniatures, an art which she had learned from Ozias Humphrey.1
- 1. According to the Dictionary of National Biography, and Pottle in Boswell's London Journal 1762-1763, she gave up her work as a painter when she married Butler. This leads Pottle to conclude that she didn't marry until 1772 or 1773, as she exhibited some of her works until 1772 (DNB). Some records gives the date of her marriage as May 26, 1763, however.
Boswell went to her place in London to call on Lord Eglinton on March 15, 1763, who was having a miniature done, and again on March 21 and April 11. Having spelled her name correctly on the first two occasions, on the latter date he for some reason thought that her name was being spelled Cadwaldin.