John Morgan - Physician-in-Chief of the Continental Army

John Morgan

Born 1725 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died Oct 15, 1789 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


American-born son of a Welsh emigrant, Evan Morgan (d. 1763). Educated at the College of Philadelphia and in Edinburgh. In 1765 he co-founded (with Benjamin Franklin) the Medical College of the University of Pennsylvania, and at the same time became the country's first professor of medicine. He delivered the discourse constituting the formal opening of the college Discourse Upon the Institution of Medical Schools in America. 1775-1777 he was Physician-in-Chief of the Continental (American) Army.

Life with Boswell: 

Boswell travelled around with Morgan for a short time in mid- and late August, 1763, shortly after his (Boswell's) arrival in Holland. This was the direct cause of George Dempster missing Boswell, after having instantly rushed to Brussels from Paris when he heard of Boswells low mood. Boswell described Mr. Morgan as "un fat bonhomme" in his August 25, 1763 memo. Morgan, on his side, described Boswell as a man "whose spirited and agreeable Conversation gave me more pleasure than any other I met with in Holland".1


John Morgan's Discourse upon the Institution of Medical Schools in America is available from used bookstores to this day.